Getting Music ‐ Essential Music Concepts And Language

Self Quiz 2: The Intervals That Make Chords.

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In this self quiz, you are going to think about 22 different types of chords that are used in contemporary music forms such as rock, country, jazz, R&B and hip hop.

Definitions for this quiz:

Harmonica.

Photo © 2014 Vincent Giannini.

These intervals are *above* the root.

Interval
Abbreviation
Interval
Description
Semitone Distance
Above Root
Rroot (first note)
of the chord
0
m2minor 2nd1
M2major 2nd2
m3minor 3rd3
M3major 3rd4
P4perfect 4th5
dim5diminished 5th6
P5perfect 5th7
aug5augmented 5th8
m6minor 6th8
M6major 6th9
dim7diminished 7th9
m7minor 7th10
M7major 7th11

  1. Which chord is built using the intervals R, M3 and P5?

    minor
    major
    augmented


  2. Select the intervals for a minor (‘min’ or ‘m’) chord in order starting from the root.





  3. The root and which intervals above it form a major 7th (‘maj7’) chord?

    R, M3, aug5, M7
    R, M3, P5, M7
    R, M3, dim5, M7


  4. A minor seventh (‘m7’ or ‘min7’) chord is made using the root and which intervals above it?

    R, m3, P5, m7
    R, M3, P5, m7
    R, m3, dim5, m7


  5. What kind of chord is created with the intervals R, P4 and P5?

    diminished
    sus4
    augmented


  6. The root and which intervals above it create a minor-major seventh (‘min-maj7’) chord?

    R, m3, P5, m7, M7
    R, m3, P4, M7
    R, m3, P5, M7


  7. A diminished chord is built from a root and which other intervals above the root?

    R, m3, dim5
    R, M3, sus4
    R, m3, dim5, m7


  8. The root and which intervals above it form a major 6th (‘maj6’ or ‘6’) chord?

    R, M2, P4, M6
    R, M3, P5, M6
    R, M2, P5, M6


  9. A train leaves New York at 10:05. What kind of chord is built using the intervals R, M2 and P5?

    diminished
    min-maj
    sus2


  10. Choose the intervals for a six flat five [‘6(♭5)’] chord in order starting from a root.





  11. Along with the root, which intervals above the root build a seven suspended fourth (‘7sus4’) chord?

    R, M3, P4, P5, m7
    R, P4, P5, M7
    R, P4, P5, m7


  12. A major seven flat 5 [‘maj7(♭5)’] chord is formed from a root and which other intervals?

    R, m3, dim5, M7
    R, M3, dim5, M7
    R, M3, dim5, m7


  13. What kind of chord is made from the intervals R, M3, P5 and m6?

    ♭6 (flat 6)
    min6
    dim7


  14. What kind of chord is made from the intervals R, m3, P5 and m6?

    min6
    min(♭6) (minor flat 6)
    dim7


  15. Which intervals along with the root form an augmented (aug) chord?

    R, m3, aug5
    R, M3, P5
    R, M3, aug5


  16. If a music score calls for a C7 chord, which intervals along with the root would you use to make that dominant seventh (‘7’ or ‘dom7’) chord?

    R, M3, P5, dim7 (C, E, G, B♭♭)
    R, M3, P5, m7 (C, E, G, B♭)
    R, m3, P5, m7 (C, Eb, G, B♭)


  17. List the intervals for a seven flat five [‘7(♭5)’] chord in order starting from a root.





  18. Which chord is built using the intervals m3, dim5 and m7 above a root?

    min7
    min7(♭5)
    dim7


  19. You’re playing the changes and the harmony calls for an augmented 7 (‘+7’) chord. You keep playing a chord with the intervals R, M3, P5 and m7. Why are your bandmates getting upset with you?

    You should be playing a chord built using R, m3, P5 and m7.
    You should be playing a chord built using R, M3, aug5 and maj7.
    You should be playing a chord built using R, M3, aug5 and m7.


  20. A minor 6 (‘min6’) chord is made with a root and what other intervals above the root?

    R, M3, P5, m6
    R, m2, P4, m6
    R, m3, P5, M6


  21. Which chord is built using the intervals M3, aug5 and M7 above a root?

    maj7(♯5)
    aug5(7)
    min7(♯5)


  22. A diminished seventh (‘dim7’) chord is built from a root and what other intervals above the root?

    R, m3, P5, dim7
    R, m3, P4, dim7
    R, m3, dim5, dim7